THE ANCIENT FEMINISM OF OLD IGBO TRADITION



(The Feminine POPES of IGBO Ethnic Group)
THE QUESTION
A baby belongs to his fatherland and never his motherland; and but, we speak ‘NNEKA' – ‘Mom is Supreme.' Why is that?'
(Issues Fall Aside – pg 106)
I used to be born within the jap a part of Nigeria, Igbo Tribe. It doesn't in any means designate the entire of Africa, however enable me to let you know about my forefathers and the place of a lady within the historic Igbo custom and customized. One of many largest lies on the earth's historical past is the file that claimed that ladies have been objectized in Igbo Land. There isn't any reality in it.  
In as a lot as Igbos – like each patriarchal group of the previous -preferred male youngsters, their daughters have been their pleasure. A lady completely belongs to her father's home. It's referred to as ‘Okputolokpu' – eternal, that's the reason each Igbo neighborhood calls grown daughters born in a household – Umu okpu. This illustrates why a person can by no means end the marital rites of a lady in Igbo land. Throughout bride worth, no Igbo neighborhood would obtain every little thing supplied as dowry. The trigger is that the lady is priceless.
That's the reason, in Igbo custom and customized, when a person whips his spouse, the spouse can return to his father's home. It's not a taboo, and earlier than the husband can take the lady he MUST -according to the custom – go to his in-laws with a pot/bottle of wine. NO ONE IN HISTORY HAS EVER FINISHED PAYING THE DOWRY OF AN IGBO WOMAN FOR SHE IS PRICELESS
One in all my most aged kin had solely sons and no daughters; he normally mentioned to his sons, ‘You would not have a sibling but.' 
Within the Igbo ethnical group, a toddler belongs to the fatherland however is directed because the baby of the mom. The time period ‘Siblings' is often often known as ‘Nwanne'  (trans. the kid of my mom as a result of males have been polygamous, the youngsters of your mom are your siblings). A male sibling is ‘Nwanne m Nwoke' (The male baby of my mom)
A feminine sibling is ‘Nwanne m Nwanyi' (The feminine baby of my mom). 
That's the reason the folks of the Igbo Ethnic group follow what is thought to at the present time as ‘Nwadiana' (that means The Little one of the Soil)
NWADIANA
‘Your' Nwadianas are the youngsters whose moms have been married to your loved ones. 
Instance: My sister's youngsters are my Nwadianas. In Igbo customized, I'm their Nna Ochie – historic fathers. I characterize their most reliable protector. It doesn't matter what they do – I repeat, it doesn't matter what they accomplish, as soon as they arrive to me, I need to defend them. They've rights in my household. In the event that they have been ostracized of their fatherland, they'll come to me and I need to share with them our inheritance. 
This can be a custom that lives in Igbo Land until as we speak. 
Like most conventional of the previous, ladies weren't entitled to the custody of their fathers, however in Igbo land, as soon as a lady is married to a home, she inherits her hut (Mkpuke Nne – the hut of the mom) which she has the ability over. It's conventional for her to offer ‘Mkpuke Nne' to her final son, and neither the person of the home nor any of the brothers can impression that.Furthermore, when an Igbo man took a spouse and didn't bear a toddler earlier than his loss of life, his widow would inherit all his possession so long as she remained again in his useless husband's home and gave beginning to children. These youngsters would bear the late man's surname; and if a person died with out an inheritor however had daughters, one of many daughters would turn out to be his inheritor, and reproduce in his home. The daughter's youngsters would preserve the household's title.
Obiechina is the time period meaning ‘A Bloodline wouldn't Terminate'. It's the obligation of the male baby and the feminine baby as effectively.
(Ref: The Pleasure of Motherhood: Buchi Emecheta)  Although this follow is dying, the corpse of each Igbo daughter was nonetheless buried in her fatherland, not in her husband's home. There was a well-known saying within the days of our youth – ‘Ozu Nwada adighi ato na mba' (the corpse of the daughter can't be trapped in an unknown land). 
Igbos until as we speak follow an prolonged system of communalism, and the strongest unit in each household is the Umuada – the daughters. They partake in dispute options, they have been or are part of the standard judicial system, and they're the house owners of the useless. Until as we speak, for those who bury anybody in a household and Umuada – the daughters weren't glad, you could repeat the burial or appease them.THE FEMALE POPES.
Of all issues regarded by males of previous, Faith is essentially the most great, the Igbo tribe had no Kings. Igbos have been completely loyal to the gods. In Igbo theology, spirituality has solely 5 traits:
Chukwu – the supreme.
Anyanwu – the revealer of every little thing. Mark of omniscience.
Agbala – the fertility of the Earth, the fertility of the folks, and the spirituality.
Chi – a sub-deity
Okike – the creator of legal guidelines that controls the seen and invisible.
As a result of AGBALA represents Harvest, the fertility of the womb, and excessive spirituality, it served because the Supreme side of God on the earth. Males until as we speak completely trusted Harvest and fertility, so Agbala was the ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH of the age-old Igbos, and ladies stood because the POPES. 
(In Chinua Achebe's guide,' Issues Fall Aside', two Popes have been talked about – 
Pope Chika: the Priestess that reigned within the time of Uloka, Okonkwo's father; and Pope Chielo: the Priestess that cautioned Okonkwo to not converse whereas she spoke.)
Simply to make this publish as brief as attainable, I might have touched on how judgments got, the place of a lady that acquired pregnant in her father's home (Ime Mkpuke), the case of the single lady, and what happens when a lady didn't like her marriage. All these are indicators of how ladies have been ministered within the Igbo land – previous and current. 
Ladies might not be the chief of the home, however the household relied on them – the time period ‘Nwa Nne' implies that the youngsters belong to the mom; and the Almighty attribute of God, Agbala, selected ladies over males. 
Each clan revered Agbala, and her priestess was feared. So, I can speak that we didn't have a system that excluded ladies from ruling the clan. The one motive we don't enable Igbo ladies as Bishops and Cardinals as we speak is that the brand new creed forbids it.THE QUESTION: 
A baby belongs to his fatherland and never his motherland; and at last, we speak Nneka – ‘Mom is Supreme.' Why is that?
THE ANSWER:
‘It's true {that a} baby belongs to its father. However when a father manhandles his baby, it seeks tenderness in its mom's hut. A baby belongs to his father when one thing is sweet and life is good. However when there's resentment, he finds shelter in his motherland. That's the reason we speak ‘NNEKA' – mom is supreme.'
(Issues Fall Aside – pg 106 – 107)
Be happy to make argument utilizing the remark part.

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